The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has published its final
caffeine risk assessment, concluding that “single doses of caffeine up to
200 mg” and “habitual caffeine consumption up to 400 mg per day does
not give rise to safety concerns for non-pregnant adults.” Following a
two-month consultation, the EFSA Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition
and Allergies (NDA Panel) issued a scientific opinion considering
“possible interactions” between caffeine and energy drink constituents,
alcohol, p-synephrine, and physical exercise. The data evidently indicated
no safety concerns when non-pregnant adults consume up to 200
mg of caffeine (i) less than 2 hours before intense physical exercise,
(ii) in combination with energy drink ingredients such as taurine or
d-glucurono-γ-lactone at typical concentrations, or (iii) in combination
with alcohol at doses up to 0.65 g/kg body weight (bw).

“The single doses of caffeine considered to be of no concern for adults
(3mg/kg bw per day) may also be applied to children, because the rate at
which children and adolescents process caffeine is at least that of adults,
and the studies available on the acute effects of caffeine on anxiety and
behavior in children and adolescents support this level,” notes EFSA. “A
safety level of 3mg/kg bw per day is also proposed for habitual caffeine
consumption by children and adolescents.”


Issue 566

About The Author

For decades, manufacturers, distributors and retailers at every link in the food chain have come to Shook, Hardy & Bacon to partner with a legal team that understands the issues they face in today's evolving food production industry. Shook attorneys work with some of the world's largest food, beverage and agribusiness companies to establish preventative measures, conduct internal audits, develop public relations strategies, and advance tort reform initiatives.

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